The device employed by the
speaker must relate directly to the speech.
1 Cite a quotation
2 Issue an appeal or challenge
3 Give an illustration
4 Refer to the introduction
5 Provide a visual aid or demonstration
6 Tell a short story
7 Ask a question
Lucas, Stephen. (1995). The Art of Public Speaking. (5th ed.). NY: McGraw Hill.
UNCG University Speaking Center, 22 McIver Building Underground, 256-1346
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